WHAT IS HIA?

Health Impact Assessment is a process used to identify how a project, policy or program might influence health.

Health Impact Assessment (HIA) uses a combination of procedures, methods and tools to systematically judge the potential–and sometimes unintended–effects of a proposed project, plan or policy on the health of a population and the distribution of those effects within the population.

The HIA also produces recommendations to enhance the health benefits of the project/policy/program and to mitigate potential harms.

HIA is a practical tool that can:

  • provide a structured process to determine a policy or project’s impact on health;
  • bring both immediate and long-term health benefits;
  • and ensure that policy and project dollars are used efficiently to provide the greatest benefit.

Check out the resources page to learn more about HIA.


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